Drone certification is a compliance assessment process to ensure that drones meet the technical and safety requirements set out by regulation. This includes operational testing and document verification to ensure that drones comply with European directives and can be used safely.
The EU Implementing Regulation 2019/947 on the rules and procedures for the use of unmanned aircraft systems classifies UAS operations into three categories based on the level of risk: open, specific and certified. These categories are determined by the conditions of the intended operation and set out requirements that must be met in relation to the aircraft and its systems for the intended operation.
This regulation requires that aircraft and direct remote identification devices meet certain specific requirements with respect to their features and functions, in order to mitigate the risks associated with their use and protect safety in flight, privacy, protection of personal data, security and the environment. To this end, the EU Delegated Regulation 2019/945 has defined the UAS Class Identification Labels (C0 to C6).